Herniated Cervical Disk

(Please click on pictures for a more detailed view)

 

 

Fig. 1: Artists rendering of herniated disk

Fig. 2: CT scan showing herniated disk

 

Fig. 3: MRI showing herniated disk

The cervical intervertebral disk is made up of a fibrous outer ring called the annulus and a gelatinous inner portion called the nucleus (fig. 1). The disk acts as a cushion between the vertebral bodies. When herniation occurs, the nucleus pushes through the annulus of the disk producing pressure on the nerve root, and/or spinal cord. This is demonstrated on the CT Scan (fig. 2), MRI (fig. 3), and myelogram (fig. 4).

Nearly all patients complain of arm pain in the distribution of one or more nerve roots. Most have neck pain as well. Frequently, patients can be treated conservatively with success. However, when their ability to perform normal day to day functions is degraded for a substantial period of time (4-6 weeks) or in the presence of severe unrelenting pain or progressing neurological deficit, anterior cervical microdiskectomy with fusion is a highly effective treatment.

During microdiskectomy, the intervertebral disk and offending fragment are removed through a small, two to three inch incision in the crease of the neck (fig. 5). A dowel bone graft (from cadaver bone) is inserted snuggly between the vertebral bodies to bring about a "fusion" or welding together of the two vertebral disks (figs. 6-8). With success rates of around 70-80%, patients are able to return to work and full activity in an average of about 1-4 months. We have been performing anterior cervical diskectomy with interbody fusion on an outpatient basis for over three years. It is well tolerated and preferred by patients over even a short hospital stay. 

 

Fig. 4: Myelogram showing herniated disk

Fig. 5: The incision follows the normal skin crease in the neck.

Fig. 6: Spine Exposed with disk and bone spurs being removed

Fig. 7: Dowel bone graft obtained from bone bank is inserted

Fig. 8: Dowel graft locked securely in place

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